The inventive entity only needs to differ by one inventor to qualify as by “another” under 35 U. : Watch for publication dates of PCT applications and foreign patent documents under this section. § 102(e), the documents themselves may be asserted under 35 U. The publication must be in English or the Examiner must furnish an English translation of the publication in order for the rejection to be proper.
§ 102(a) precludes patentability when: (a) the invention was known or used by others in this country, or patented or described in a printed publication in this or a foreign country, before the invention thereof by the applicant for patent; In other words, if the present invention was known or used by someone else in the U. (i.e., knowledge or use that is accessible to the public per MPEP § 2132(I)), or the invention was patented or published in any country prior to the effective filing date of the present invention, the cited document qualifies as prior art. This may be done by filing an affidavit made out by the other authors establishing that the relevant portions of the publication originated with, or were obtained from, the inventor from the present application (see MPEP § 2132.01). § 102(a) in some cases where the publication date thereof precedes the priority date of the present application.
When you apply for a patent, you are obliged by law to report all known relevant references.
Your patent application will also prompt the patent office to perform a prior art search to determine if the invention is novel and non-obvious.
From 1957-1965 the code configuration on the slim lighters differed from the regular lighters (See Date Code Chart below). The appearance of the word "Zippo" in the bottom stamp provides another clue to dating.
There have been three major changes, as shown in inset.
For a visual representation of a flow for determining the effective filing date, please see the effective filing date flowchart. Cited art with a date after the effective filing date of the present application is not prior art with respect to the present application. Determining Priority Now that the effective filing date of the present application has been determined, the date should be compared to the date of the cited art.
It is important to note that the effective filing date may differ from the actual filing date of the present application. This excludes, for example, non-PCT foreign patent documents from providing an effective filing date to an application. The priority requirements for each of these sections is discussed below.
Under fixed bill energy contracts, consumers pay monthly prices for their future energy consumption in advance of winter based on their past energy use.While the information for dating a Zippo is widely available, it isn't that handy to find it all in a single location.This should provide the information to fix a relatively precise date for any Zippo lighter.A patent is a set of rights granted by a government thatprotects an invention.If a patent is given to the applicant, they have the right to block others from making, selling or importing their invention into the country for twenty years from the date of filing. Prior Art is any evidence of your invention existing before the date you filed your patent application.